Auto Draft

Mining is amongst the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots back to these prehistoric days when someone grabbed a digging instrument and began burrowing into the bottom. In the various millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most essential and widespread commercial enterprises, with operations spread throughout the globe whereas tasked with recovering an virtually inexhaustible list of valuable commodities.
In reality, according to the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise had been recovered in 2018, up from eleven.three billion metric tons in 2000 and practically double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian nations accounted for fifty eight p.c of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 p.c, followed by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.three percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) have been the most prolific producers, with their complete fifty one.1 % of manufacturing more than the remainder of the world mixed.
This means that the mining industry is a strong one, with stable development expected to continue within the coming years in lots of regions of the world. It additionally means that mining operations will continue to depend on pumping technologies that provide sturdy, dependable, and secure service in numerous important liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why optimistic displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps can be the greatest choice for lots of of these applications.

While mining may appear to be nothing greater than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy equipment or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, actually, many advanced and typically delicate operations that should be performed correctly if the mining operation is to carry out at its highest stage of effectivity.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping expertise that may function reliably in harsh and remote locations, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive products, and likewise one which is able to be maintained and repaired simply so downtime is lessened. The pumps must also be light sufficient to be manually moved from location to location throughout the mine itself.
For many years, a preferred choice to be used in these conditions was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a place to create the high move charges which are required, they have a selection of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining purposes: an incapability to self-prime or run dry; particular seals needed to stop leaks; particular linings needed to handle solids; excessive motor speeds of as much as 1,800 rpm; and relatively excessive maintenance requirements and prices, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another in style selection has been the progressive cavity pump, however, like centrifugal pumps, they’ve a variety of operational shortcomings. These include an incapability to constantly handle liquids with high levels of abrasives, which finally ends up in elevated upkeep costs, wear on costly stators and rotors that may eventually need to be changed, and overall greater buy, operating, and repair/replacement prices.
Here are some of the specific liquid-transfer operations that take place in a mine and the ways in which some pump technologies can fall short in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing extra produced water from the mine is a crucial 24/7/365 operation and the water that’s recovered is often filled with particulates that can be as large as 0.12 to 0.16 inches in measurement. If used on this software, centrifugal pumps require special supplies of development, which can be price prohibitive, to guard against impeller wear attributable to the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are also not dry-run capable, which adversely affects their stage of efficiency on this software.
General service: For frequent liquid-handling applications, you want an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip traces, operate at low speeds while still delivering high move charges, and be straightforward to maintain and repair. Centrifugal pumps simply don’t possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This sometimes calls for a need to use particular mechanical seals, which may result in exorbitant maintenance, restore, and replacement costs.
Press filter: Press filters are used to clean the liquids that are produced within the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall short in this utility because the solid-laden liquid can damage the pump’s internals until particular, more expensive materials of building or linings are used. Also, the nature of press-filter operation creates a strong discharge-pressure variation that may force the centrifugal pump to operate away from its finest efficiency point (BEP), leading to high vibration and radial masses that can result in shortened service life. A answer to this is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are costly and can negatively affect the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product switch: This comes in all types in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, contemporary and fouled water, and any chemicals which would possibly be required. In each instance, there is the risk that the pump might be compelled to run dry as the truck or storage vessel is emptied, whereas discharge-pressure variation also can generate high vibration and radial loads. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can’t run dry, so that they want safety from this condition or the addition of special seals. However, all of these upgrades still can’t totally shield in opposition to a catastrophic failure.

While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have proven to not be the simplest solution in many liquid-handling applications in mining, one pump technology that has confirmed to be an optimum selection is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and maintenance, and safety for mining personnel and the surroundings.
AODD pumps are in a place to carry out effectively in mining applications because their method of operation permits them to easily handle variable flow charges and pressures, while being dry-run and line-stripping succesful, and nimble enough to switch liquids which are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, in addition to slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and different particulates.
ไดอะแฟรม of the AODD pump features few moving elements and comparably decrease speeds than other pump applied sciences, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, while the pump’s seal-less development leads to fewer leaks, which is a crucial consideration when dealing with the numerous hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids which are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps are available in both steel (most commonly aluminum, ductile iron and solid iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, while a broad selection of elastomers can be used within the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility concerns.
A broad variety of AODD pump configurations provide operational flexibility that may also end in optimized efficiency at many levels. The capability to function AODD pumps in a extensive range of purposes, from fundamental general use to delicate chemical-handling processes, permits operators to more cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can additionally be more cost effective to function, especially those fashions which are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most basic, AODD pumps excel within the typical rugged and harsh operating conditions discovered within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents together with corresponding downtime and repair prices.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping principle sixty-five years in the past, has been dedicated to developing applied sciences that meet the wants of mining operations. Today, Wilden presents three AODD pump fashions which are built to excel in mining purposes, out there in ductile iron, forged iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar supplies of building:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which characteristic a bolted configuration, have been constructed for use in applications that require the handling of liquids that includes giant solids. The Brahma pumps have a novel top-inlet/bottom-discharge move orientation and flap valves that permit the passage of enormous solids with no threat that damage will happen because of product entrapment or the settling of solids throughout the pump’s internal flow paths. Brahma pumps can be found in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to cut back air consumption by up to 60 %. The T810 and T1510 models are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate vary for the four Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures up to 125 psi with solids-handling functionality starting from 2 to 3 inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps characteristic a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design options giant inner clearances and flow-through paths for simple passage of enormous solids with no likelihood for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting additional permits solids passage, whereas a polyurethane screen base on the inlet increases the pump’s durability. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) models are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps that includes the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most sturdy ADS design for the toughest environments. Flow charges amongst the six models range from 57 gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures as much as a hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that could be handled vary from half to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps characteristic clamped or bolted configuration. Their design features totally different chamber materials, together with metal and plastics, even Kynar, which is able to dealing with excessive levels of abrasive supplies. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can be the most environment friendly AODD pump available within the market, able to lowering up to 60 percent air consumption. This makes it the finest choice for dealing with corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to 3 inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are in a place to be outfitted with a huge selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a varying array of materials, similar to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range provides customers the widest choice of diaphragms on the market, all of which are capable of providing extended imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with lowered upkeep, repair, and substitute prices.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the perfect alternative for the aforementioned common liquid-handling functions in mining: dewatering, common service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and day by day product transfer.

In abstract, Wilden AODD pumps are the most fitted choice for mining functions because they provide considerable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead capability, together with increased operational safety and a reduction in maintenance/repair costs that could be incurred by pumps that are not designed to handle abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps also outperform different AODD technologies in other vital ways: simple design with the bottom variety of components for quicker, less complicated, and safer repairs and the lowest variety of spare elements to stock; recent improvements in supplies of building that improve the pump’s MTBF; and improved effectivity by way of the utilization of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which ultimately leads to quicker product transfer with decrease air consumption. Wilden also continues to innovate by way of the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, each of which increase service life and safety whereas not compromising the dealing with of challenging liquids.

Fernando Meneses is the regional supervisor North Latin America for Wilden, a leading manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He can be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of several main pump firms, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For more information, go to or

Scroll to Top